Add to favorite
 

   

 Lev Landau


Born:   January 22, 1908
Deceased:   April 1, 1968

Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

      

"for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"

 

Lev Davidovic Landau was born in Baku on January 22, 1908, as the son of an engineer and a physician.
 

After graduating from the Physical Department of Leningrad University at the age of 19, he began his scientific career at the Leningrad Physico-Technical Institute. The years 1929 - 1931 he spent abroad, partly as a Rockefeller Foundation Fellow, working in Germany, Switzerland, England and, especially, in Copenhagen under Niels Bohr.
 

During 1932 - 1937 he was head of the Theoretical Department of the Ukrainian Physico-Technical Institute at Kharkov, and since 1937 he has been the head of the Theoretical Department of the Institute for Physical Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. in Moscow. Simultaneously he taught constantly as a professor of theoretical physics in the Kharkov and Moscow State Universities.
 

Landau's work covers all branches of theoretical physics, ranging from fluid mechanics to quantum field theory. A large portion of his papers refers to the theory of the condensed state. They started in 1936 with a formulation of a general thermodynamical theory of the phase transitions of the second order. After P.L. Kapitsa's discovery, in 1938, of the superfluidity of liquid helium, Landau began extensive research which led him to the construction of the complete theory of the "quantum liquids" at very low temperatures. His papers of 1941 - 1947 are devoted to the theory of the quantum liquids of the "Bose type", to which the superfluid liquid helium (the usual isotope 4He) refers. During 1956-1958 he formulated the theory of the quantum liquids of the "Fermi type", to which liquid helium of isotope 3He refers.
 

In 1946 he was elected to the membership of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. The U.S.S.R. State Prize was awarded to him several times, and in 1962 he received, jointly with E.M. Lifshitz, the Lenin Science Prize for their Course of Theoretical Physics.
 

Landau is a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (London), of the Danish Royal Academy of Sciences, of the Netherlands Royal Academy of Sciences, Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A., Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, of the Physical Society (London), and of the Physical Society of France. In 1961, he received the Max Planck Medal and the Fritz London Prize.
 

From Nobel Lectures, Physics 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964

 

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

Lev Landau died on April 1, 1968.

Link to Lev Landau's Banquet Speech:
http://nobelprize.org/physics/laureates/1962/landau-speech.html

 


Tags: Lev Landau Nobel prize laureates Russian science Russian scientists physics 








Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian oligarchs  incident  Kunstkamera Museum  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  the Crimea  Voronezh Region  New Year  Russian sport  cross-country skiing  Russian tourism  Yury Shevchyuk  Spartak Moscow  Santiago Calatrava  Nikolay Fomenko  Golden Ring  Crimea  Mikhail Bulgakov  Ryazan Region  Moscow  Ilyushin Finance  Vadim Kulakov  Exhibitions in St.Petersburg  Festivals in Moscow  Russian regions  Russian businessmen  Olympic Games 2012  Exhibitions in Moscow  Tourism Brand  Russia international  Russian Cinema  Samara Taxi  Kaluga Region  Sakhalin  Vassili Millioti  Russian natural parks  Pavement  Baltic Sea  Russian academy of sciences  activity holidays  New Year celebrations  Russian roads  travel to Russia  Concerts in St. Petersburg  Engravings  Russian designers  Rodion Shchedrin  Russian business  St. Petersburg  Horror Fiction  Modern Art Festival in Botanic Garden 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites