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 Kazimir  Malevich


Born:   February 23, 1879
Deceased:   May 15, 1935

Russian abstract artist, founder of Suprematism

      

For many years the name of Kazimir Malevich was under a covert ban in the Soviet period. The artist himself was ministerial to entangling facts of his personal and creative biography, and extremely complicating any attempts of pervasion into that stunning phenomenon, that bundle of subtle mental energy named Kazimir Malevich.

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich was born on February 23(11), 1878 near Kiev. However, there is also different data regarding the place and time of his birth. The parents of Malevich were of Polish descent. His father worked as the managing director at sugar plant of the well-known Ukrainian industrialist Tereshchenko (according to other sources, Kazimir’s father was a Belarusian ethnographer and folklore specialist). His mother was a housewife. The Malevich couple gave birth to fourteen children, but only nine of them lived to be of a mature age. Kazimir was the first-born in the family.
He started to master painting himself at the age of 15 years, after his mother presented him with a paintbox.  At the age of 17 Kazimir attended the Kiev art school for some time.

In 1896 the family moved to Kursk. Kazimir worked there as a petty official, but quit his job for the sake of venturing the artistic career. After the death of his father Kazimir moved to Moscow, where he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture from 1904 to 1910. In his first art works Malevich tried his wings at the impressionism. Later the artist became one of the most active members of futuristic exhibitions.
The prerevolutionary, unsteady time was already bringing the new generation of artists to the forefront. Kazimir Malevich had a keen scent for these accruing undercurrents of fate and contrived to get to their pivot and come up on top of it.
A semiliterate self-taught person, who became a world famous artist, the director of the Leningrad State Institute of Art Culture, the author of a number of theoretical works, the founder of the style of Suprematism, Kazimir Malevich was not a layman.

Dexterously maneuvring in event flows, Malevich struck contemporaries with his unique ability to polarize and fill the surroundings with energy. His works have always stirred controversy and collisions of opposite viewpoints.  Mostly known in Russia for his Black Square, Kazimir Malevich became a true symbol of revolutionary art.  
Kazimir Malevich died on May 15, 1935 in Leningrad.

The creative heritage of the artist still has not got unanimous acclaim of experts and art lovers. However, even the most ardent opponents of Kazimir Malevich cannot deny his grand scale.


Tags: Kazimir Malevich Russian Artists Avant-garde Suprematism  




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