Add to favorite
 

   

 Peter I the Great Romanov


Born:   09 June 1672
Deceased:   08 February 1725

First Emperor of All Russia, Moscow tsar, outstanding statesman and reformer

      

The younger son of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich Romanov, Peter was born on the night of May, 30th (on June, 9th) 1672.

Peter I was the tsar of Russia from 1682 and the first Emperor of Russia Empire from 1721. He inherited a country, which was lagging far behind all European countries, which had no industry, efficient army, or foreign trade. After Peter the Great death his ancestors inherited an empire, which stretched from Baltic Sea to Kamchatka, from North Sea to Caspian Sea, and which traded with foreign countries and had a significant political authority.

Peter I implemented government reforms: established the Senate, collegiate organs, bodies of the higher state control and political investigation, subordinated the church to the state, divided the country into provinces. In 1703 on banks of Neva River he started building St. Petersburg, which later (1712) became the capital of Russian Empire.

Peter the Great resorted to experience of the West European countries in development of the industry, trade, and culture. He pursued the policy of mercantilism (building manufactories, metallurgical and other factories, shipyards, landing stages, and channels).

The emperor headed the Russian army in the Azov campaigns 1695-1696, Northern war 1700-1721, the Persian campaign 1722-23, etc.; he commanded armies in seizure of Noteborg (1702), battles near Lasnaya Village (1708) and near Poltava (1709).

He personally supervised building of the Russian fleet and foundation of regular army and navy. The tsar promoted consolidation of the financial and political condition of the nobility.

At the initiative of Peter I lots of educational institutions and the Academy of Sciences were opened, the secular alphabet was admitted, and so on.

Reforms of Peter I were introduced by cruel means, with extreme pressure on material and human forces and oppressions of broad masses (i.e. capital tax, etc). Those measures provoked a row of revolts (in 1698, 17051706, 1707-1709) which were ruthlessly suppressed by the government.

The founder of a powerful absolutist state, Peter the Great achieved recognition of Russia as a great power by the West European countries.

In the last years of his reign Peter I was seriously ill (presumably with stone disease aggravated by uraemia). He died on January, 28th (on February, 8th) 1725.


Tags: Peter I Peter the Great The Romanov Family Russian history  




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Flowers Delivery

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian politics  Old Moscow  Russian artists  Archeology  Russian ships  Philately  Central Bank  Embassy of France  veterans  Altai  Radiology  Leningrad Region  Russian history  Bella Akhmadulina  Russian Literature  Viruses  Yevgeni Mironov  Russian tourism  Russian Ceramics  Fyodor Fyodorovich  Film Festival "Message to Man"  Arctics   Resorts  Moscow exhibitions  Moscow  Painting  Yekaterinburg  Kamchatka  Moscow State University  New Year celebrations  Igor Butman  Exhibitions in Moscow  Far East  Russian events  Magnitsky Act  Lyubov Popova  La Pushkin Theatre  Nikita Mikhalkov  Mikhail Larionov  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian political parties  corruption  accommodation in Russia  Voronezh   Russian business  Film Festivals  Design  Stepan Yaremich  Embargo  Russian Cinema 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites