Add to favorite
 

   

 Mikhail Sholokhov


Born:   May 24, 1905
Deceased:   February 21, 1984

Russian writer and Nobel Prize laureate

      

"for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (1905-1984) was born in the land of the Cossacks, now known as the Kamenskaya region of the R.S.F.S.R. He attended several high schools until 1918. During the civil war he fought on the side of the revolutionaries, and in 1922 he moved to Moscow to become a journalist. There he published a number of short stories in newspapers. He made his literary debut in 1926 with a volume of stories, Donskie rasskazy (Tales from the Don), 1926, about the Cossacks of his native region, to which he had returned two years earlier.

In the same year, 1926, Sholokhov began writing Tikhi Don (And Quiet Flows the Don), 1928-1940, which matured slowly and took him fourteen years to complete. Reminiscent of Tolstoy in its vividly realistic scenes, its stark character descriptions and, above all, its vast panorama of the revolutionary period, Sholokhov's epic became the most read work of Soviet fiction. Deeply interested in human destinies which are played against the background of the transformations and troubles in Russia, he unites in his work the artistic heritage of Tolstoy and Gogol with a new vision introduced into Russian literature by Maxim Gorky.

His other major work in the Don cycle, Podnyataya tselina (Virgin Soil Upturned), 1932 and 1959, deals in part with the collectivization of the Don area. There are a number of works such as the short story Sudba cheloveka (The Fate of a Man), 1957 - made into a popular Russian film - which treat the power and the resilience of human love under adversity. His collected works, Sobranie sochineny, were published in eight volumes between 1956 and 1960. In 1932 Sholokhov joined the Communist Party and, on several occasions, has been a delegate to the Supreme Soviets. In 1939 he became a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and later vice president of the Association of Soviet Writers.

From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
 

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

Mikhael Sholokov died on February 21, 1984.

Link to Mikhail Sholokhov's Banquet Speech:
http://nobelprize.org/literature/laureates/1965/sholokhov-speech.html
 


Tags: Russian literature Russian writers Nobel Prize laureates Mikhail Sholokhov  








Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Flowers Delivery

russia-ic.com

search on the map
TAGS:
Noah's Ark  Russian sportswomen  Modern Art  Exhibitions in Moscow  St. Petersburg  Russian satellites  Zenit  free entrance  Russian history  Tombs  Mikhail Bulgakov  Stalin  Smolensk  Ecotourism  The Romanov Family  Russian hotels  Exhibitions in Saint Petersburg  Archeology  Zhora Kryzhovnikov  Arctic capital  Izhevsk Airport  American Indians  Rosselkhoznadzor  National Museum Of Chechnya  Oleg Zhukovsky  Kalachinsk  Moscow  Russian Cinema  Barrows  Igor Sechin  Design, Architecture  Primorye  Ryazan  Yulmart  Installations  Russian souvenirs  Dmitry Khvorostovsky   Industrial Tours  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Baikonur  Russian cuisine  Shtokman project  Russian Coat of Arms  Russian tourism  Russia-Guatemala  Komi Republic  Russian business  Russian Art Week in London  Russian Literature  Russian academy of sciences 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites