Add to favorite
 

   

 Igor Tamm


Born:   July 8, 1895
Deceased:   April 12, 1971

Russian scientist, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

      

Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm was born in Vladivostok on July 8, 1895, as the son of Evgenij Tamm, an engineer, and Olga Davydova. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1918, specializing in physics, and immediately commenced an academic career in institutes of higher learning. He was progressively assistant, instructor, lecturer, and professor in charge of chairs, and he has taught in the Crimean and Moscow State Universities, in Polytechnical and Engineering-Physical Institutes, and in the J.M. Sverdlov Communist University. Tamm was awarded the degree of Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Sciences, and he has attained the academic rank of Professor. Since 1934, he has been in charge of the theoretical division of the P.N. Lebedev Institute of Physics of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences.
 

A decisive influence on his scientific activity was exercised by Prof. L. Mandelstam, under whose guidance he worked a number of years and with whom he was closely associated since 1920, when they met for the first time, and up to the death of Prof. Mandelstam in 1944.
 

Tamm is an outstanding theoretical physicist, and his early researches were devoted to crystallo-optics and the quantum theory of diffused light in solid bodies. He turned his attention to the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics and he evolved a method for interpreting the interaction of nuclear particles. Together with I.M. Frank, he developed the theoretical interpretation of the radiation of electrons moving through matter faster than the speed of light (the Cerenkov effect), and the theory of showers in cosmic rays. He has also contributed towards methods for the control of thermonuclear reactions. Resulting from his original researches, Tamm has written two important books, Relativistic Interaction of Elementary Particles (1935) and On the Magnetic Moment of the Neutron (1938).
 

I. Tamm was elected Corresponding Member of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences in 1933, and in 1953 he became an Academician. He shared the 1946 State Prize with Vavilov, Cerenkov, and Frank, and is a Hero of Socialist Labour. He is also a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Swedish Physical Society.

From Nobel Lectures, Physics 1942-1962, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964

 

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and later published in the book series Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures. The information is sometimes updated with an addendum submitted by the Laureate. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

Igor Y. Tamm died on April 12, 1971.

Link to Igor Tamm's Nobel Lecture:
http://nobelprize.org/physics/laureates/1958/tamm-lecture.html
Link to Igor Tamm's Banquet Speech:
http://nobelprize.org/physics/laureates/1958/tamm-speech.html

 


Tags: Russian science Russian scientists Nobel Prize laureates   




comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share


TAGS:
terrorism in Russia  Alexander Lazutkin  Russian tourism  Art Exhibitions  Ingeborga Dapkunaite  Russian women  Festivals in Moscow  Dynamo Moscow  Russian music  Messenger  Russian hockey  Moscow  Arkhangelsk region  Ennio Morricone  Wooden Architecture  Classical Music  human rights in Russia  Russian interent  Tyumen Oblast  Tver  Ivan Kramskoi  Immersive Exhibitions  Krasnaya Polyana  Dolphins  Golden Ring Show  Fashion Futurum  Russian business  Diego Rivera  Exhibitions in Moscow  Liberal Democratic Party  Elbrus  Space Exploration  Russian airports  12Storeez  EU sanctions  International Asteroid Day  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  St. Petersburg  Russian Cinema  Yermak  export  skiing in Russia  Russian courts  travel to Russia  Russian movies  Russian regions  Russian journalists  Aeroexpress  Clay Toys  The Romanov Family 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites