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    Izborsk

The settlement of Izborsk is located 30 kilometers west of Pskov. The first mention about Izborsk refers to 862 and it is concerned with the legend about calling the Varangian grand princes for reign: Ruyrik, Sineus and Truvor. The Pskovities invited Ruyrik to Pskov and made him their prince.

According to the chronicle Izborsk is older than Pskov. But due to advantageous geographical location Pskov grew and developed much faster and Izborsk gradually turned to a town governed by Pskov.

The main attraction of the ancient settlement is the Izborsk Fortress. The Fortress surrounds the village and preserves the layout of the old Izborsk.

Izborsk emerged as a fortified Slavonic settlement. Gradually, the small village developed into an important administrative, trade and handicraft center. Originally, Izborsk was located on the old site of ancient settlement Truvorovo gorodishche. According to the ancient legend, the settlement was named after Truvor, the younger brother of Rurik who became the first Russian Prince in the 9th century. While Rurik ruled in Novgorod, the biggest Russian town of the time, his younger brother got Izborsk.

Yet, in the 10th century Pskov won greater importance owing to its favorable Location on the crossroads of main water and land ways. Izborsk turned into Pskovs outskirts as its significance diminished.

In Middle Ages Izborsk lived through a sequence of wars and defenses.

In 1510 Izborsk and Pskov were incorporated into the Moscow State. In the late 17th century Izborsk gained back its importance and became a small town that was part of the Pskov principality.

In the 19th century Izborsk was a provincial commercial town that preserved much of its legendary past. Traditional peasant and merchant houses are still at the basis of the towns architecture. So, nowadays, Izborsk looks pretty much the same as it did two or three centuries ago.

Information contributed by www.izborsk.pskov.ru



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Izborsk
  (Pskov Region)

Cities of the region

    Pskov
    Velikiye Luki
    Ostrov
    Nevel
    Dno
    Opochka

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