Add to favorite

russian visa
    Republic of Tatarstan (Tatarstan)


The first settlements in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan date back to Paleolithic period (100,000 years ago). In the 8-11 centuries, tribes of the ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region. The first state - the Volga-Kama Bulgaria - was set up at the end of the 10th century. The Bulgars were the first in Europe to begin to smelt iron and make qualitative leather goods, erect castles with central heating. The Bulgar mosques and medrese (Muslim clerical schools) diffused learning and culture in the neighbouring regions. In 1236 the Bulgar state fell under the pressure of the Mongol-Tatars. Many towns, i.e. Bulgar, Bilyar, Suvar, etc. were destroyed and set on fire. In the XIII-XIVth CC. the territory of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria became the part of the Turkic state Zolotaya Orda (Golden Horde). The collapse of Zolotaya Orda resulted in formation of a number of new states including the Kazan Khanate. It inherited ethnic, language, religious, cultural and trade-economic traditions of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria. Kazan became the capital of the newly formatted state. The Kazan Khanate ceased its existence in October 1552, after two-month siege when troops of Ivan 4 (the Terrible), numbering 150,000 people, conquered Kazan.

A path-breaking step in the way of reconstruction of state independence of the Tatar people was proclamation of the Volga region autonomy in 1920.

The end of this century brought new possibilities for reconstruction of state independence of Tatarstan. On 30 August 1990, the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Republic was adopted and signed. In line with people's will, referendum, held in March, 1992 and new Constitution of the Republic of Tatarstan, adopted on November 6, 1992 established a new state status of the Republic.




Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Russian regions  Tver region  Karachev  Greece  St. Petersburg  Voronezh   Baikal  children theatres  Russian natural reserves  Russian Cinema  Olga Rozanova  Tula Region  Russian Astronauts  Cruises  Russian scientists  Russian tourism  Russian Literature  English Courtyard  Sukharev Tower  Karlovy Vary  Russian business  Sochi Olympic Games 2014  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Exhibitions in Saint Petersburg  Fascism  Candies  Russian legislation  education in Russia  Darwin Museum  Russian-Georgian relations  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian Theater  Book Tickets for Concerts  Dermatology  Izhevsk  Russian science  Japanese Film Festival  Moscow  Monument to Soldier and Gusli Player  Alexei Navalny  Jazz  Public Awareness  Myshkin  lawyer  Photo Cameras  Life Saving  Russian economy  Enter  rating  Khabarovsk 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites