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    Polevskoi

Polevskoi is a city in Sverdlovsk Region of Russia, an administrative center of Polevskoi Urban District. Its population together with subordinates of administration settlements makes 72.2 thousand people (2009).

Polevskoi is located 50 km to the southwest from Yekaterinburg, on the River Polevaya and its ponds. In the middle of the highway leading to it, near Settlement Kurganovo there stands an obelisk "Europe-Asia". It symbolizes the watershed between Rivers Chusovaya and Iset.

Polevskoi is one of the oldest cities in the Urals (it has had the city status since 1942). Polevsky appeared as a settlement in the first half of the 18th century. The southern part of the city (Polevskoi actually) was generated in 1724 in connection with the building of a copper-smelting (nowadays a machine-building) factory, on the basis of copper ore of Gumeshevsky Mine around Polevaya River. another part of the present Polevskoi - settlement Seversky appeared in 1739 along with the building of a metallurgical (now pipe) factory that worked on the basis of local iron ores.

The city was glorified by the famous writer Pavel Petrovich Bazhov. Though he was born in Sysert, he spent his childhood, adolescence and youth in Polevskoi. This is where he started writing his well-known tales. The citys Museum of Local Lore has a special hall dedicated to life and works of P.P.Bazhov.

Polevskoi also became famous thanks to archeological finds - on mounts Dumnaya, Karaulny, Azov, and Gumeshki.

Gumeshki is a copper and skarn deposit, the development of which was started in the 18th century and continued till the end of the 20th century. During the development of Gumeshevsky deposit the miners found wooden supports, remains of ancient miners and their personal belongings. P.P.Bazhov mentions Gumeshki, naming them the Copper Mount.

Gumeshevsky malachite gained Polevskoi popularity in Russia and abroad. Ural malachite was second to none in the richness of colour and patterns. Famous are fine samples of this emerald-green mineral and items of it. They include the Malachite Hall in the Hermitage, interior columns of the St. Isaacs Cathedral, and interior decoration of halls in Louvre...

Mount Azov (589 meters high) is one of the most remarkable nature and archeology sanctuaries in the vicinities of Polevskoi and Yekaterinburg. It is located 4 km to the northwest from Polevskoi. It opens a view on the surrounding woods and mountains: the main Ural Ridge with Mount Berezovaya in the west, the River Chusovaya in the east, ridges of serpentine hills, a pond and pipes of the Seversky factory in the north.

In summer of 1940 local schoolboys found a treasure here: while searching for a fantastic treasure of the maid-Azovka (one of P.P.Bazhov's characters), the children came across over 40 items copper, bronze and silver in one of the rocks. These finds were possibly connected with a Mansi settlement, and in the Iron Age the mountain probably served as a sacrificial place...

The Mount Dumnaya (409 metr) is located in the center of Polevskoi and is famous not so much for its copper and skarn deposit, but rather for its archeological finds. It is known that as far back as the 5th century BC there was a large industrial copper smelting complex on top of the mount. The area was fortified with a ditch and a wooden wall, in other words, it was an ancient settlement, which is still studied today.



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Polevskoi
  (Sverdlovsk Region)

Cities of the region

    Yekaterinburg
    Verkhoturye
    Nizhniy Tagil
    Neviansk
    Alapaevsk
    Kamensk-Uralsky


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