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    Smolensk Region

History

Smolensk came to rise on the lands that belonged to an ancient tribe of the Krivichi. It was first recorded in the chronicles in 863: back then Askold and Dir the first Kievan Princes mentioned in the annals on their military campaign from Novgorod to Tsargrad avoided the town of Smolensk, because it was very well fortified and populous. In the year of 882 Smolensk was seized by Prince Oleg, who annexed it to the Kievan Russia and made it domain of Prince Igor. Due to Igors infancy the town was ruled by aldermen and a brigade, while the general management was carried out from Kiev.

The 12th century saw the heyday of the independent Smolensk Princedom, which occupied the biggest part of the present area of the Smolensk Region.

In the middle of the 13th century the princedom started to lose its lands. From 1404 it was a part of the Great Princedom of Lithuania. In 1514 Smolensk, and later other Smolensk lands passed to Moscow. After the Time of Troubles Smolensk lands passed to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth according to the Deulinsky Armistice of 1618. In Smolensk war (16321634) Russia could not regain Smolensk lands.

Finally Smolensk lands became part of Russia in 1654 as a result of the Russian-Polish war. The Smolensk Province was formed in 1708 and existed till 1929.

Smolensk Region was organized on September 27, 1937.

Today Smolensk is a big commercial, industrial and cultural centre that possesses a great potential for further development.

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