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    Dyatkovo

Dyatkovo is a Russian city, an administrative center of the Dyatkovo District of the Bryansk Region.

The city is located in the northern part of the Bryansk Region, on the southern slopes of Smolensk-Moscow Upland, on the small river Oleshnya that flows into Bolva near the city.

The city of Dyatkovo was awarded the Patriotic War Order of the 1st degree in 1983, and an honorary title The city of guerrilla glory on April 28, 2011.

History

Dyatkovo Village is known since 1626; in 1810 it became a village. Further development of the settlement is connected with the foundation in 1790 of a crystal plant, thanks to which Dyatkovo became the largest village of the Bryansk district in the 19th century. It became an urban-type settlement in 1924 and a twon in 1938.

Dyatkovo in war and post-war years

In days of the Great Patriotic War Dyatkovo became an active center for guerrilla fight that allowed restoring temporarily the Soviet power in the city and the district. On February 14, 1942 the Red Army and a summary guerrilla group occupied the city of Dyatkovo; thus the Soviet power was restored in the enemys rear, in all the territory of the Dyatkovo District. The area freed from Germans began to be titled Soviet District, which existed till June 6, 1942.

On September 15, 1943 the city of Dyatkovo was libearated by troops of the Red Army. On September 16, 1943 the Bytoshsky guerrilla crew met the 17th shooting division of the 3rd army of the Bryansk front in the village Ivotok, having completed thereby the release of the entire Dyatkovo District.

The damage caused by occupation to economy of Dyatkovo and the Dyatkovo District was estimated at 400 million rubles. Out of 1884 pre-war buildings only 690 houses survived in the city; out of 17 000 dwellers in Dyatkovo just a few people were left. The Dyatkovo crystal plant was totally destroyed. The Nazi invaders sent 19848 inhabitants of the Dyatkovsky District to hard labor to Germany.

Places of Interest

In Lenin Street the main city street a church was constructed in honor of the Burning Bush icon in 2003. The room of the church is small, but it is here where the worlds only crystal iconostasis (weighing about 3 tons) made at Dyatkovo crystal plant is kept. Other church interior details are also made of crystal. One of the authors is E.I.Volnova. A church with a crystal iconostasis existed in Dyatkovo Village back in the 19th century, but after the church destruction it was lost.

Dyatkovo Museum of Crystal opened in 1976 is known far beyond the district. Besides a great number of various ware made of crystal and color glass one can see crystal decorative compositions that reach the height of up to 1.5 meters. Among the museum exhibits there is a vase painted with oxide of uranium. In the building of the Museum of Crystal there is also the Combat and Guerrilla Glory Museum dedicated to the Great Patriotic War.

A park with wooden sculptures, which have been destroyed by now, was founded Behind the Cultural Center in Dyatkovo in the Soviet period.

The spring Three Wells is located near the "hospital" lake in the wood.



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Dyatkovo
  (Bryansk Region)

Cities of the region

    Bryansk
    Klintsy
    Novozybkov
    Unecha
    Karachev


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