Add to favorite
russian visa

Vorkuta is a Russian city located in Bolshezemelskaya Tundra, in the zone of permafrost sections, 160 km beyond Arctic Circle, on River Vorkuta, 904 km to the northeast of Syktyvkar. It is a railway station.

Vorkuta became an urban settlement in 1940 and a town in 1943. Its area makes 24180 sq km.

History of Vorkuta

In the summer of 1930 geologists found five commercial seams of coal of very high quality at the distance of 77 km from the mouth of River Vorkuta. A special commission for planning of geological works around Ukhta and Vorkuta was created in 1931. A permanent coal geological base was founded in the area of the coal field in 1931. Development of the coal field in Vorkuta was carried out generally by forces of prisoners. The first group of prisoners was sent there in 1932. The camp settlement, where prisoners were settled, was named Rudnik (i.e. Mine). The self-standing Vorkuta camp of GULAG was established in 1936. The year 1953 saw the Vorkuta revolt, which was one of the largest ones in the USSR. After GULAG reorganization the Ministry of Internal Affairs institutions continued to work in Vorkuta. Besides, the city remained an exile place until the 1980s.

Vorkuta appeared in 1931 as a settlement in connection with the beginning of development of coal-fields on River Vorkuta (the right inflow of the Usa River). It was derived from the Nenets word vark meaning a bear; so Vorkuta is abounding with bears.

Tags: Vorkuta Komi Republic    



Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

  (Komi Republic)

Cities of the region


Blue Rose  Exhibitions in Moscow  Gzhel Ceramics  Cosplay  Amur Region  Eurasian Modern Art Festival   St. Petersburg  Kungurskaya Ice Cave  Fairs in Moscow  Russian opera  Pyotr Konchalovsky  Russian government  FIFA Russia 2018  Russian Cinema  Russian Monuments  Russian technologies  Russian mobile operators  Censorship  electronic books  Tibetan Atlas  Honfleur Russian Film Festival  Concerts in Moscow  funny video  Association of the European Business  Ministry of Finance  Russian winter  Russian sport  Black Sea  Russian business  Bolshoi Theater  Pavel Korin  St. Petersburg Museums  Underground Art  Russian tourist destinations  IPO  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Tyumen  ecology  Russian science  Russian economy  Fashion Illustration  Russian sportsmen  Russian tourism  iPhone 6  Russian Theater  Moscow  Russian Actresses  Committee of Civil Initiatives  Russian scientists  Plyos 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites