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In ancient times the territories, now occupied by the town of Eisk, were part of a trade sea route, connecting European countries with the Azak fortress (today the town of Azov). Eisk peninsula often sheltered pirates, which robbed trade ships.

The history of Eisk is inexorably associated with great Russian military leader Alexander Suvorov. Catherine the Great sent Suvorovs troops to conquer fertile lands of Kuban for Russia, what he did in 1771. After new generous lands were explored and inhabited, a seaport for exporting agricultural production was desperately needed, and Nicholas II ordered to found a seaport town.

New town, founded in 1848, was named Eisk due to the nearby river Eya, some historians tend to think. Many people started to move here form all over Russia they hoped to get lands, and they did. Favoured climate, fertile steppes and rich sea helped pioneers to accustom to new home very quickly. The place, which was chosen for town construction, was very convenient. Local authorities approved city plan, according which Eisk should have had seven squares. However, only four squares survived each, having its own story. This part of Eisk is now the outdoor museum building mainly represent architecture of the 18th century with thick walls, large rooms with high ceilings and tremendous cellars.

Eisk rapidly developed and in 6 years became main seaport for supplying beleaguered Sevastopol during Crimean War, started in 1854. Same war didnt pass by Eisk and its population. In 1855 warships of joint English and French squadron approached the town and started massive artillery attack, destroying one house out of ten. Six months later warships returned and launched an assault, however, city dwellers managed to repel the attack. In 1855 education came to Eisk 3-year district school was opened. In several years the town acquired various professional educational institutions for men and for women.

In the beginning of the 20th century town population reached 50 thousand citizens. In 1931 the school for seaplane pilot was opened in Eisk, after first hydroplane came to the town from Sevastopol. Civil engineering, food and processing industries, as well as health resort services kept developing rapidly. Local institution for mud cures welcomed patients all the year round. In 1933 terrible famine struck the south regions of Russia, and Eisk suffered too. So many people died, that city cemetery wasnt able to let all deceased to have a resting place.

Before the Great Patriotic War Eisk became famous due to its citizen, polar pilot Lyapidevsky got the Title of Hero of the Soviet Union for his brave actions in saving polar explorers, whose ship Cheluskin was in distress in the Arctic Ocean. During the war Eisk was permanently bombed by fascists, who wanted to destroy the seaport and the railway station, as well as the street with military hospitals, where wounded Soviet people arrived by sea and by land.

After the war ended, the town quickly restored its port and railway station. More and more tourists arrived to Eisk, where warm and healing waters of the Azov Sea cured many diseases. Over 170 sunny days per year make the town even more attractive for those, longing for good health.




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  (Krasnodar Territory)

Cities of the region



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