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    Armavir

Armavir is a Russian town in the Krasnodar Krai. Its population makes 191 thousand people (as of 2013).

It is located on the left bank of the Kuban River, at its exit from the northern foothills of Greater Caucasus, in the place of the confluence of Urup River into it, 202 km to the east of Krasnodar. It is a junction of railway lines and highways.

The territory of Armavir is 286 sq.km.

From the 2nd half of the 19th century Armavir was built up with brick buildings (some of them having turrets with dome and tent tops and sculptural figures at the entrance). An extended market square was equipped. The Armenian-Gregorian Cathedral (of 1846) remained there.

History of Armavir

Armavir was founded as Armenian Aul in 1839 by mountainous Armenians, who had moved from Muslim Circassian auls to gain protection of their Russian brothers in faith. Though ancestors of the settlers left Armenia in the 14th century, in 1848 the new settlement was called Armavir in honor of the city of Armavir - the capital of great Armenia in the 4th -2th centuries BC.

By 1876 it turned into a multinational village. At the end of the 19th century Armavir became the main town of Labinsk District of the Kuban Region. Trade was conducted there, mainly with manufactory goods. After laying of the railway Rostov - Vladikavkaz (1875) and Armavir - Tuapse (1914) it became a large railroad junction.

At the end of the 19th century the settlement of Armavir - the center of Labinsk District of the Kuban Region was a briskly growing settlement. It became a town in 1914.

During the Civil War of 1918-22 hardened fights occurred near Armavir, where the power was changed three times. The campaign of Taman army ended in Armavir.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 Armavir was occupied by fascist armies on August 7, 1942. It was liberated on January 24, 1943 by armies of the Transcaucasian front in the course of the North Caucasian operation.



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Armavir
  (Krasnodar Territory)

Cities of the region

    Krasnodar
    Sochi
    Dagomys
    Tuapse
    Novorossiysk
    Anapa
    Yeysk
    Gelendzhik
    Kropotkin
    Slavyansk-na-Kubani
    Labinsk
    Tikhoretsk
    Krymsk
    Timashevsk
    Belorechensk
    Kurganinsk
    Kanevskaya
    Ust-Labinsk
    Korenovsk
    Apsheronsk
    Temryuk
    Leningradskaya


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