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Borisoglebsk is a Russian town located in the southeast part of Oka and Don river plain, on the left coast of Voron River, near its confluence into the Khoper River, 326 km to the east of Voronezh. It is a railway station. Its territory makes 1371 and its population is 65 585 people (as of 2010). The town is included into the list of historical places of Russia.

History of Borisoglebsk

Borisoglebsk was founded as Pavlovskaya Fortress in 1698 (in 1646 according to official, but unchecked data). After the construction of church for the sake of Russian princes Boris and Gleb in 1704 the settlement, which had grown around the fortress was named into Borisoglebsk. During the reign of Peter I, during preparation for seizure of Azov, wood for construction of coasting fleet was lumbered in Borisoglebsk. In 1708 the fortress was captured by participants of Bulavinsky revolt.

In 1708 Borisoglebsk was attributed to the Azov Province (from 1725 the Voronezh Province), in 1719 it adjoined the Tambov Province, and from 1732 it became part of the Voronezh Province. From 1779 it was the district town of the Tambov Vicegerency (Tambov Province from 1796).

In 1856 the district town of Borisoglebsk of the Tambov Province had 4 churches, 867 houses, and 56 shops.

In the late 19th century in Borisoglebsk there were two public schools (one for girls and one for boys), a technical college and a railway college, and two parish town schools.

A populous Kazan fair was annually held on July 6. Grain and flour were shipped on Khoper River pier. Up to 10 thousand barge haulers visited Borisoglebsk every year.


Borisoglebsk has Drama Theater, Museum of Local Lore, the Borisoglebsk History and Art Museum, House Museum of Academician E.N.Pavlovsky, and P.I.Sholokhov Picture Gallery

The writer of Maxim Gorky lived in the town in 1898.

Borisoglebsk harbours architectural monuments of the 19th-20th centuries.

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