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Rossosh is a Russian town located in the Central Russian Upland, on the left bank of Chernaya Kalitva River (the basin of Don), at the confluence of river Sukhaya Rossosh into it, 214 km to the South of Voronezh.

It is a railway station and a highway junction. The town with the overall area of 59 has the population of 62 865 people (as of 2010).

History of Rossosh

Rossosh was founded in the late 17th century as Rossosh Settlement. The name of Rossosh comes from the word meaning a river fork. The city is located in the place where Chernaya Kalitva River is taking an inflow, and during movement upstream one has an impression of riverbed bifurcation.

At the beginning of the 20th century it was Rossosh Settlement of the Ostrogozhsky District of the Voronezh Province. It became a town in 1923.

During the Great Patriotic War 1941-45 it was occupied by fascist armies on July 7, 1942. It was released by armies of the Voronezh front on January 16, 1943 during Ostrogozhsko-Rossoshansky operation.


Rossosh has a few local professional theaters: RAMS Chamber Theater, and Morozovsky Folk Theater. Besides, there are a number of amateur theaters, and theatre festivals are held here.

Among local museums the most interesting one is the permanent exposition of the Local Lore Museum and local artists regular exhibitions held in the picture gallery.

Among remarkable old architectural constructions one can single out the railway station (built in 1871) and Alexander Nevsky Church consecrated in 1876 (a 19th century architecture monument protected by the state).

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