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Semiluki is a Russian town (since 1954), the administrative center of the Semiluki District of the Voronezh Region.

The population of Semiluki makes 26 391 people (as of 2013).

The town is located in the Central Russian Upland, on the right bank of River Don, 14 km to the west of Voronezh. It has a railway station.

The territory of Semiluki makes 16 sq. km.

History of Semiluki

The village of Semiluki was founded in the early 17th century and was first recorded in the Voronezh chronicle of 1615.

From 1620 there was the Transfiguration Monastery close to the modern town. The church was damaged in 1697 due to the tearing away of the bank of River Don; the monastery was abolished in 1769.

At the end of the 19th century a considerable part of the population of the Semiluki Village worked in limestone and sandstone quarries in the vicinities. At the same time clay for pottery was extracted in Semiluki.

In 1894 the Semiluki railway station was opened at the village of Semiluki, and the settlement grew around it. According to the population census of 1897, there were 1099 people living in the village of Semiluki.

In 1926 the plan of constructing a fire-resistant plant near the railroad was approved. The construction was started in autumn of 1926, and the settlement developed around it was named after the nearby ancient village.

It became the working settlement of Semiluki and became the town of Semiluki in 1954.

Architecture and Sights

The Semiluki District harbours archaeological monuments: sites of the Bronze Age (the 2nd millennium BC), Scythian era (the 4th -3rd centuries BC), and the Old Russian period (the 12th -13th centuries).

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  (Voronezh Region)

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