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    Krasnoyarsk Territory

Geography

Krasnoyarsk Territory is located in Central Siberia, extending from the Sayan Mts. and the Minusinsk basin in the south across the Siberian wooded steppe, taiga, and tundra to the Arctic Ocean. The territory stretches along the entire course of the Yenisey River, an important transportation route and electric power source. The distance between Moscow and Krasnoyarsk is about 4, 000km.

Krasnoyarsk Territory is the second largest Russian region after Sakha Republic (Yakutiya), occupying an area of over 2mln sq. km, which is 13% of the country's total territory. It stretches 3,000 km from north to south. The region lies in the middle of Siberia and shares borders with Tyumen, Tomsk, Irkutsk and Kemerovo Regions, the Republics of Khakassiya, Tyva, and Sakha, and the Taymyr Autonomous Area in the North.

The region is among the richest of Russia's regions in natural resources. 80% of the country's nickel, 75% of its cobalt, 70% of its copper, 16% of its coal, and 10% of its gold are extracted in the region. Krasnoyarsk also produces 20% of the country's timber. The region's major industries are: non-ferrous metallurgy, energy, forestry, chemicals, and oil refining.

The climate of the region is sharply continental, with great fluctuations in temperature in the course of year. As Krasnoyarsk Territory stretches in meridional direction for about 3,000km, the climate is indeed diverse. Central and southern regions of the Territory have long winter, short spring and short and hot summer. Average winter temperature is 18C, average summer temperature is +20C.

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