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    Amur Region

The Amur Region lies in a mountainous area, between the Stanovy Range (the highest point 2313 m.) in the north and the Amur River in the south. The area is rich with fields of gold, brown and pit coal, deposits of iron ore, quartz sand, limestone, high-melting clay, etc. There are lots of mineral springs in the region.

Winter here is quite cold, dry and lacks snow. The average temperature in January is from -24 to -33 degrees centigrade. Summer is hot and rainy (in July its usually something about +18-21 degrees centigrade).

The Amur Region lies in zones of Taiga, mixed and broadleaved forests.

On the territory of the Amur Region its quite easy to come across a boar or a brown bear, a sable or a roe deer. If meet a mandarin duck or a Siberian grouse, remember they are listed in the Red Data Book of Russia.

The Amur Region is the key agricultural area of the Far East, being the best place to grow potatoes, vegetables, crops, etc. Locals are also engaged in beekeeping, poultry production, deer farming and hunting.

The Trans-Siberian and Baikal-Amur Railways cross the region from west to east.

First Russian explorers came to this undiscovered land in 1643, they were followed by Khabarov, who founded the town of Albazin meant to become the centre of Russian voivodeship. However, in 1689 by Nerchin treaty the Amur River Region was surrendered to China. Over 100 years had passed before Russian explorers returned to the eastern boarder of the country. First frontiers, Cossacks mainly, moved to the new lands in 1854. The new inhabitants of the region formed the Amur Cossack troop.

In 1948 the Amur Region became the self governing administrative unit of the RSFSR.

Tags: Russian tourism Russian regions Amur Region Russian history  



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    Amur Region

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