Add to favorite
 
russian visa
    Svobodny

Svobodny (until 1917 Alekseevsk) is a town in Russia, the administrative center of Svobodnensky District of the Amur Region.

With the population of 71. 734 thousand people (as of 2011) it is the third most populated town in the Amur Region. The total of area of Svobodny is 225 sq.km.

The town stands on the right bank of River Zeya (inflow of Amur), 146 km away from Blagoveshchensk.

Today it has a railway station and a river port. Not far from the town there is the cosmodrome Svobodny-18 and the long-range aviation base Ukrainka. A car-repair factory runs in the town.

The major sight of Svobodny town is the worlds longest children's railway. The railroad 11.6 km long was opened back in 1940.

History of Svobodny

Until 1912 the territory of the future town was uninhabited and mostly covered with deciduous and coniferous woods.

Under the approved project all the planned residential quarters, squares, gardens, and parkways were provided with columns marking numbers of the quarters. All those interested could look at it and purchase a plot for settling down in the future city.

On July, 30th (on August, 12th) 1912 the new town was founded and named Alexeyevsk in honor of the successor to the throne Tsarevitch Alexey, the son of Tsar Nicholas II. In April 1917, after the October revolution, the municipal government renamed it from Alexeyevsk into Svobodny (meaning free) and the provisional government of Russia approved the name.

The town became notorious in the 1930s as the administrative centre of the Bamlag (a department of GULAG prison camps), where lots of people suffered and perished. In 1941 1945 the town was also a headquarters of the administration of Svobodlag (the towns branch of GULAG prison camps).



Tags: Svobodny Amur Region    


Region:


City:


comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share


Svobodny
  (Amur Region)

Cities of the region

    Blagoveshchensk
    Belogorsk


TAGS:
Vegetarian Recipes  Russian Olympic winners  travel to Russia  Darwin Museum  DNR  Russian economy  Perm Territory  train tickets Russia FIFA  Sergey Dovlatov  Komi Republic  Nature Reserves  Belgorod Shooting  Giles Deacon  Sochi  Mittens  Russian business  Russian Orthodox Church  investment  computer games  ROSCOSMOS  Russian stock exchange  Olympics 2012  Vladimir Zhirinovsky  Hermitage Museum  Russian tourism  Russian soldiers  Olympic Bear  skiing in Russia  Pancake Week  Omsk State University  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian opera  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian Cinema  Tatar Traditions  Festivals in Moscow  Russian Photographers  Russian sports  Toropets  Tsaritsyno  St. Petersburg  Milk Holiday  Ski resorts  Tower House  Russian politics  Shigeru Yoshida  Baikal  Russian Automobile market   Moscow  the Urals region 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites