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    Shadrinsk

Shadrinsk is a city (since 1781) in Russia, the administrative center of Shadrinsk District of the Kurgan Region.

It is the second-largest city of the Kurgan Region in regard to population (76.6 thousand people as of 2008) and industrial outputs.

Shadrinsk city is located on the West Siberian Plain, on River Iset (an inflow of the Tobol River), 146 km to the northwest from the city of Kurgan. It is a railway station on the line Kamensk-Uralsky Kurgan.

The city takes the area of 174 sq. km.

History of Shadrinsk

The history of Shadrinsk starts in 1644 from a small settlement called Shadrinsk Zaimka - zaimka meaning a place occupied for farming.

In 1662 Shadrinsky stockaded town was founded and later turned into a suburb.

Since 1712, after construction of Archangel Michael Church, it was called Arkhangelsk Shadrinsk town or Maloarkhangelsk (i.e. small Arkhangelsk). In 1733, after a big fire, it was again renamed into Shadrinsk suburb.

In 1738-44 it was a center of the Isetsky District of the Siberian Province, and from 1744 the center of the Isetsky District of the Orenburg Province. Shadrinsk was a chief town of the Yekaterinburg Province from 1781, and of the Perm Province from 1796.

In the 19th century Shadrinsk was an important trading center (mostly for agricultural produce) and the cultural centre of Trans-Urals. Leather and foot-wear industry, as well as handicrafts were developed there.

Krestovo-Ivanovo fair, the second in importance for Urals, was held in Krestovsky Settlement of the Shadrinsk District from 1825. The basic goods were furs, tea, and textiles.

The porcelain manufactory of the Fetisovs Brothers worked in Shadrinsk in 1822-50.

In 1856 the district city Shadrinsk of the Perm Province had 4 churches, 784 houses, and 216 shops.

During the Great Patriotic War 1941-45 a number of the industrial enterprises were evacuated to Shadrinsk from the European part of Russia.

Today Shadrinsk is the second most important city of the Kurgan Region.



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Shadrinsk
  (Kurgan Region)

Cities of the region

    Kurgan


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