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    Lipetsk Region

The Lipetsk Region enjoys a favourbale geographic position in the centre of the most developed European part of Russia. It stands on the Central Russian Upland (up to 246 meters high) and borders on the Voronezh and Kursk Regions in the South, the Orlov Region in the west, the Tula Region in the north-west, the Ryazan Region in the north and the Tambov Region in the east.

The administrative centre is the city of Lipetsk founded in 1779. Lipetsk is 508 km southward from Moscow. The major river is the famous Don with its tributaries.

The Lipetsk Region, rich in black soils became the granary of Russia. Later it also gained fame as a mineral water resort.

The economy of the region is based on high-yielding agriculture and metallurgical industry.

The region hosts two nature reserves: Galichia Gora, which is the smallest nature reserve of Russia with preserved preglacial flora, and a part of the Voronezh nature reserve.

Lipetsk lands harbor numerous archeological monuments. Various artifacts found during archeological diggings testify the fact that Russians inhabited this territory long ago. The uncovered earthenware date back to the 11th 12th cc and give evidence to existence of a spacious Old Russian settlement, which once embraced dozens of hectares.

In the 12-13th cc the territory of the present Lipets Region was part of the Azov Province, where the Russian fleet originated from. The revival of the ancient settlement, first records of wich date to the 13th century, was associated with Peter the First. Having selected Voronezh as the place to locate shipyards the emperor was preoccupied with finding the nearest sources of metal. Rich deposits of iron ores, abundant woods required for furnaces and presence of rivers made Lipetsk area a metallurgical centre.

In the early 13th century Lipetsk factories gradually expanded turning into the production base of the Voronezh and Baltic fleets. Workers settlements grew nearby the factories. One of them later developed into Lipetsk.

The year 1954 was marked by a decision to establish five new regions in Russia, the Lipetsk Region among them.

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