Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Greenhouse Economic Effect
June 13, 2007 17:29


Lots of issues including Russia – the USA complicated relations were discussed at G8 summit in Germany, but the question of the greenhouse effect taken for unimportant for many years appeared to be one of the most disputable. The parties agreed that so-called post-Kyoto agreements implying double reduction of emissions by 2050 should be worked out. In 2013, as soon as the Kyoto protocol is no longer valid, Germany is going to put forward an initiative of an agreement on global 30% cut of CO2 emissions by 2020. The document is supposed to be ready at the end of 2007 and accepted by the UN in 2009, when President Bush is due to resign.

The USA is known as the main opponent of the post-Kyoto plan; in 2001 the country withdrew from the treaty. They say it is impossible to reduce CO2 emissions caused by the American enterprises, as millions of people may lose jobs in this case. From the first sight such behavior seems selfish, as the USA, the leading economy of the world, produces the major part of greenhouse gases and, if ecologists are right, makes all the world human community suffer from gradually rising temperatures and other climate changes.

 Russia is one of the countries, which signed the protocol. As a matter of fact, its economy is now booming but all Russian enterprises don’t produce a volume of greenhouses gases equitable with quotas established by the protocol for Russia. The government can even trade in the air and will probably start it (the respective document may well come into force summer 2007), as profitable deals and development are considered to be more important than the condition of the environment we live in.

Anyway, there are a lot of experts who have some doubts in how much the human activity affects the planet. They don’t believe in threat of global warming and Kyoto Protocol able to regulate world temperatures in particular. Kyoto Protocol provides that in 2008-2012 participating countries will decrease greenhouse gas emissions by 5% compared to that of 1990. Russia, as the country, which ratified the Protocol, binds itself to keep the emissions’ rate of 1990. According to the protocol, the quotas were distributed the following way: 36% - the USA, 17% - Russia, 9% - Japan, 7% - Germany, etc.

The advocates of the Kyoto protocol claim the amount of CO2 emissions produced by the human activity must be under rigid control as irreplaceably harming the climate of the Earth. However, academician Vernadsky, father of biochemistry, said that the volume of CO2 is balanced by photosynthesis and the main CO2 sources are volcanoes’ eruptions, fires and human activity. At this the total amount of CO2 in the atmosphere makes up 750 billion tons per year and the human’s share is 3 billion tons only.

The USA tops the list of “polluters” with 270 million tons of wastes, Europe produces 40-45 million tons, other countries – up to 20 million – these figures can’t be compared to that volume of gases the nature produces itself. Here is the reason for skepticism.

Experts believe only developed but not developing countries find post-Kyoto agreements profitable. China, for instance, is unlikely to sign a document like that, as it will result in fall in its economic growth.

In case Russia has to conclude post-Kyoto agreements, its losses can be reduced to minimum, if the government encourages companies introducing new technologies and fines enterprises working with old ”dirty” equipment. Presently, the ecological control in Russia is ineffective and hundreds of plants and factories are simply not observed, so their “contribution” to the greenhouse effect can’t be estimated.

Global warming is a worrying problem of the modern world, and it is definitely nice that some developed countries try hard to avoid it, but somehow it is turning into an instrument to control developing economies.

Sources:

    www.rosbalt.ru
    Wikipedia

 

Olga Pletneva


Tags: ecology     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

The Most Profitable Russian Franchises - 2019 Amount Of Bribes In FIFA Made Up More Than $ 10 Billion Over 19 Years Moscow-Kazan Highway Got New Funding Russian Gold Producers Printing Equipment Market Goes Down









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
Alexander Akilov  Russian Champions  Russian politics  Krasnoyarsk Airport  Sheremetyevo Airport  Russian scientists  Republic of Bashkortostan  Russian business  Russian science  Russian prisoners  Nikolay Basov  Osnova Gallery  Tatarstan  Sakhaenergo  Domodedovo  bus tickets Russia FIFA  Black Sea  Smolensk plane crush  Bashkiria  Craters  Internet  Moscow Zoo  Samara Region  alcoholic beverages  Russian Cinema  Norilsk Nickel  State Prize   Dmitri Prigov  children in Russia  Sukhoi Civil Aircraft  Aeroflot  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Photography  Moscow  Selitrennoye  St. Petersburg  Ufa  Leonid Brezhnev  All Events  Moscow Kremlin   Russian Nature  Erarta Museum of Modern Art  Russian tourism  IPO in Russia  space  Maria Ladynina  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian economy  Moscow Metro  Russian banks 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites