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Abkhazia One of the Most Beautiful Health-resorts is still in War Ruins
June 19, 2009 19:42


Nature

This place looks like a piece of tropical seashores in northern latitudes. The weather is warm and wet and the nature is luxuriant. Here you can see bamboo groves, tropical dark forests. Fruit trees - oranges, pomegranate, grape and high palms which you would never see in Russia. Black Sea there is always warm, clean and full of creatures. Huge storms happen there from time to time.

History

Abkhazia has ancient history. It was mentioned for the first time by ancient Greeks' chronicles. Ancient Greeks settled several polices there, when they reached Blake Sea. Then there was a Romanic period of the country and after the Roman Empire fell native princes got the power and founded Abkhazskoe kingdom. Then Abkhazia was for a long time between two great imperia – Czar Russia and Ottoman (Turkish) Empire. When Russia won the Russian-Turkish war Abkhazia became a part of Russia. It became the place of the deportation. Many political figures lived there. Famous Russian writer and Decembrist Besstujev-Marlinski lived there and wrote that there were large feverish swamps there and many people got feverish.

That’s why inhabitants began to plant eucalyptus to get rid of malaria and dry up the swamps. Then Abkhazia became one of the most famous and chic resorts. Many noble people, princes, Czar Family spent their vocations there. There is still old Czar Palace at the sea bank in the city of Gagry.

Soviet period

After the Civil War, Abkhazia became a part of the Georgia Republic. When Stalin got the power large repressions took place in the county. A huge part of native citizens was sent to Siberia or put into concentration camps. At that time the leaders of Abkhazia were Georgian communists.

War 1993

When the Soviet Union fell, the relations between native inhabitants and Georgians became very hard. Georgia cancelled the Soviet constitution and returned to the constitution of 1921 (of Georgian independence republic). In 1993 Abkhazian leaders wanted to return to the constitution of 1925. Tbilisi did not respond, and in July 1992 the Abkhaz Parliament reinstated the 1925 Abkhaz Constitution. On August 14, 1992 Georgian armed forces invaded Abkhazia. The Georgia-Abkhazia war happened in 1992-1993 and took 8 thousands lives. 

After the war

Abkhazia still cannot get through the devastation and sufferings, associated with the war. Many buildings in cities are without window glasses and electricity. The remains of tanks, planes and ruined buildings are everywhere. There are several difficulties in economic life of the country – first of them is hot situation with Georgia and still no economical relations with other countries except Russia.

Inhabitants

Abkhazians are rather friendly. They life is poor, their main income item is still tourism (mostly from Russian regions). They all remember their ancestries: not only mama and dad, but 4-5 generations. Moreover, they keep in mind how they suffered from Georgians. But they also make differences between Georgia politician aggression against Abkhazians and people themselves. A lot of Georgians took part in the war 1992-1993 defending Abkhazia and even became Abkhazian heroes.

Traditions

Abkhazian traditions are carefully remembered by the people, their native songs, dances and costumes are amazing. They make perfect and rather cheep vine and their ethnic cuisine is also very exotic and tasty. I was at a national holiday there, and saw a performance about how the suiter snatched the marriageable girl and got away from her parents by horse. Even now many Abkhazians perfectly ride a horse.

 Thus Abkhazia is a very exotic country with rich history and traditions that is worth seeing. Sources:   ru.wikipedia.org

  www.apsny.ru

Ushakova Alexandra


Tags: Abkhazia     

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