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HIV in Russia
May 19, 2019 17:06


Almost 320 thousand HIV-infected people died in Russia during the last 31 years.  Registration of people with HIV in Russia began in 1987, when the country first became infected.

More than 318,000 Russians infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)  died since the start of disease registration in the Russian Federation, as Rospotrebnadzor reports.

Russia began to register people living with HIV   since 1987, when the first case of infection was identified in the country. At the same time, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a decree "On measures to prevent infection with the AIDS virus." The document also establishes a penalty for citizens who are aware of their diagnosis of immunodeficiency syndrome and infect others.

“Since the beginning of HIV infection registration, by December 31, 2018, more than 318 thousand HIV-infected people died. This number includes 36868 HIV-infected people who died from various causes in 2018 in the Russian Federation. Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among HIV infected people,” the agency says.

Rospotrebnadzor reported that at the end of 2018 in Russia more than 1 million people were registered with HIV. 

As Deputy Minister of Health Sergey Kraevoy explains, the register of the Ministry of Health is maintained using special software recommended by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS), and due to machine counting, the system may give a deviation of plus or minus 10%. 

According to Rospotrebnadzor statistics, the proportion of people infected with HIV through sexual contact is 57.5%, and drug use is 39%.

HIV has spread beyond vulnerable groups and is actively spreading among the general population. The highest prevalence of HIV infection among the population is observed in the age group of 30–44 years.

The virus is the most common in 23 regions of Russia. In particular, in Kemerovo, Irkutsk, Sverdlovsk, Samara, Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Leningrad, Tyumen, Novosibirsk, Kurgan, Tomsk, Tver, Ivanovo, Omsk, Murmansk, Ulyanovsk and Moscow regions, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, Crimea, Perm, Krasnoyarsk , Altai Krai and St. Petersburg.

At the initiative of the World Health Organization, World AIDS Day for all victims of AIDS is held annually on the third Sunday of May. This year it falls on May 19th. People who want to honor the memory of those who died of AIDS attach a red ribbon to their clothes - a symbol of the fight against this disease, invented by the American artist Frank Moore in 1991.

In the framework of the state campaign for the prevention of infection and for informing the public about the ways of transmission and prevention in Russia, an all-Russian campaign “Stop HIV / AIDS” is being held.

Read more articles about Russian society here


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Russian society Russian regions    


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