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St. Petersburg Parks: Summer Garden
November 10, 2019 15:37


(Source: https://avatars.mds.yandex.net/get-pdb/1881775)

Summer Garden (Russian: Letniy Sad)

This is a breathtaking example of landscape gardening art created by Peter I with the large size and grandeur characterizing all his projects. Historically, this park is the very first in the city: its construction began in 1704 (a year after the city was founded).

The Garden got its name due to the plants grown on its territory - these were exclusively “summers plants” that is, annual flowers and shrubs.


The first half century of its existence, the Summer Garden was considered a territory meant only for the Emperor’s walks. However, already under the reign of Nicholas I it was opened to the city residents, the entrance was paid.

The architects designing and building the park tried to adhere to clear-cut geometric shapes - even today all the alleys and lawns of the park (after numerous reconstructions) correspond to this idea.



The first fountains in Russia were installed in the Summer Garden - in a Western manner. The small territory of the garden encompassed more than 50 fountains, many of which were destroyed by the flood of 1777. In addition to the fountains, the garden was decorated with exquisite marble statues in the antique style.

Due to the harsh weather conditions in the region, the Carraran marble used to make the statues gradually grew old and was destroyed, so in 1986 they decided to replace them with plaster analogues.

About 90 statues are installed in the Summer Garden, most of them are copies. Originals are exhibited in Mikhailovsky Castle. In the garden you can find several so-called bosquets that form enclosed spaces with shrubs around the perimeter:
 
Menagerie pond;
Poultry yard;
Cross Culprit;
French ground
Green rooms.

Also on the territory you can see 8 operating and 1 museum fountain. Not far from the Summer Garden there are many famous places of St. Petersburg: the Field of Mars, Mikhailovsky Castle, Spas na Krovi, Chizhik-Pyzhik. The fence of the Summer Garden from the Neva is one of the unofficial symbols of St. Petersburg.

Address: Lebyazhyey Kanavki Embankment, St. Petersburg. How to get there: the nearest metro stations are Nevsky Prospekt, Gostiny Dvor, and Chernyshevskaya. 

Opening hours: from Wednesday to Monday; from May 1 to September 30 - from 10:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.; from October 1 to March 31 - from 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. In April, the Garden is closed for maintenance.

Entrance fee: free admission.



Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: St. Petersburg St. Petersburg parks    

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