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Interesting Facts about the St. Petersburg Metro
January 29, 2019 16:06


The metro of St. Petersburg is a high-speed off-street transport system of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region. The second oldest and largest metro in the USSR and Russia after the Moscow metro opened on November 15, 1955. To date, there are 5 lines of the St. Petersburg metro, the operational length is 118.6 km. The number of stations is 69.

Many stations have original architectural and artistic design, 8 stations are recognized as cultural heritage sites. 

The first trains of the St. Petersburg subway set off in 1955. Metro in St. Petersburg is "the best" in many things: it is the most beautiful, the deepest... - In fact, it is the deepest metro in the whole world! Because of the geographical and climate specifics of the area, cities on the Neva are deeply laid. The true is that St. Petersburg by itself is based on swampy soil. This feature does not allow building subway at a shallow depth, as in other cities of the world. By the way, the Admiralteyskaya station is the deepest one in Russia.

- Destroyed temples: In the course of the construction of the ground pavilions of the metro, the churches of Znamenskaya, Spas-na-Sennoy and the church of Cosmas and Damian were destroyed. Nowadays, pavilions of the Ploshchad Vosstaniya, Sennaya Ploshchad and Chernyshevskaya stations are located in their place.

- Horizontal elevators: Many St. Petersburg subway stations are built according to the horizontal elevator standard.    A horizontal elevator is a station where the exit to the subway tunnels is blocked by sliding doors like an elevator. When the train arrives at the station,  a special device   synchronizes doors opening at the station and in the train. The advantages of this type are low cost and safety. In total, there are 10 horizontal elevator stations in the St. Petersburg metro.

- Closed metro station "Dachnoe": The only abandoned station in the city. It was the first open station in the St. Petersburg metro. The decision to close this station was made because of the St. Petersburg weather conditions - it turned out that continuous rain and dampness make the operation of open stations an unrealistic project.

- Travolators: There are two horizontal travolators at the recently opened second exit of "Sportivnaya" station.   They still have a slight rise - about 7 degrees. Unusual lifts were supplied and installed by a German company.   3 ribbons in a 300-meter-long tunnel in a few minutes will take passengers to the surface of the Makarov Embankment on Vasilyevsky Island.   


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: St. Petersburg Metro St. Petersburg    

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