Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa


Hillforts of Toropets
September 9, 2014 22:07


(Source: http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/3790602/page13.shtml)

Maloe (“Small”) Hillfort is considered (and named) “Vysokoe” (“High”) not only by Toropets standards - they say that it is the highest man-made hillfort in Europe. It was constructed by the first Toropets Prince Mstislav Rostislavich, a brave son of the Smolensk Prince Rostislav.

In XII century a wooden Kremlin stood on the shafts, and a church was located within its walls, where Aleksandr Nevsky got married to the Polotsk Princess Aleksandra. Thanks to this wedding Toropets got his main shrine, the Toropetsk icon, and as a result, the city’s main cathedral of Korsun was built for that icon – it is located just next to the church.

The shafts of Maloe Hillfort are really steep; it certainly was not easy for enemies to climb them. Today goats graze on the shafts: there is nothing but grass inside the ring. The definition of “Maloe” (“Small”) seems extremely accurate from the modern point of view: it is difficult to understand how the entire settlement fit inside the fortifications. A memorial stone stands around the mound next to the highway: it is the basis of the future monument to Aleksandr Nevsky. A views of the entire city open from the hill.

Maloe Hillfort is not really explored yet, but the excavations are already underway, and their results are interesting: the findings include arrowheads, jewelry, household items. This fortification is not the only one of the ancient Toropetsk fortifications, but it is the most noticeable one.

Bolshoe (“Big”) Hillfort is lower and wider, it stretches along the shore of the Slolomennoe Lake. It also has a bright history: it is believed that the capital of the Slavic Kriviches was located there - Krivitesk or Krivich, a precursor city of Toropets. By the way, the legendary Kriviches are revered in Toropets, and the central hotel and its restaurant are called “Krivitesk”. There is one more settlement – Novoye (“New”) Hillfort. We can say it s still alive, because a part of the modern Toropets “on the island” stands on its place. It is the historical city centre called “Krasny Val” (“Red Shaft”) - the territory of the former Kremlin built in the XVI century after the liberation of Toropets from Lithuanians. Nothing left from the buildings of the Kremlin but the shafts. Novoe Hillfort is well studied, and you can have a look at its wooden model in the Toropetsk Museum of Local History.
 




Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Toropets     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Where to Ski in Russia: Baikal, Sable Mountain Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky Reserve - the Youngest In Russia Travel to Zyuratkul Rostov Region: Belaya Kalitva Agro-tourism in Sochi









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
Opposition  Concerts in St. Petersburg  Mariinsky theatre  Rostov Oblast  Russian Actresses  Russian courts  Grand Slam  Russian tourism  North Caucasus  Marina Ladynina  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Rock Music  St. Petersburg  Russian Opera Houses  Zapashny Brothers  Komi Republic  Stolby Reserve  VTB  Cossack village  Russian scientists  Federation Cup  Jan Van Duyts  Robert Dudley  Moscow  Russian GDP forecast  Lipetsk   Elizabeth Taylor  education  Vladimir Putin   Russian business  Russian law  Russian economy  Russian science  Arctic  Russian Cinema  Paleontology  book hotels in Russia  Situation in Libya  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian religion  Parliament in Action  Vissarion Belinsky  Symphonic Orchestra  Kantemir Balagov  Victor Tsoy  Transportation  Sergei Solovyov  All Events  Open-Air Festivals  health 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites