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Vladimir
November 18, 2015 10:56


(Source: http://rus-img2.com/gorod-vladimir)

Ancient Vladimir lives peacefully on the banks of the Klyazma River, welcomes and sees the travelers from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod and back, puffs with factory chimneys and flatters the curiosity of the tourists studying “The Golden Ring”.

The city that once was the capital of the former North-Eastern Russia, has long lost its grand ambition. Vladimir today is not a city-museum like the neighboring Suzdal. Historical buildings with regular layout and classical architecture of XVIII-XIX centuries are diluted with typical relics of the Soviet era. Three monasteries suffered a lot over time, especially after the revolution.

There are not many parish churches as well – they have been systematically destroyed. The new city was conceived as an industrial one. But the spirit of the great ancient history breaks through the smoke of the industrial city. Even if Vladimir turned into a cluster of factory buildings and gray five-story buildings, and only one Cathedral of the Assumption was left, it would  be worth to give up everything and go to look at this miracle of pre-Mongolian architecture. The large white stone cathedral can be seen both  from the bank of Klyazma and from the city centre.

The priceless fragments of the frescoes by Andrei Rublev have survived inside it. It is not just a city landmark, but one of the landmarks of Russia. In addition to the Assumption Cathedral, the architecture of pre-Mongol Russia in Vladimir is represented by the Dmitrievsky Cathedral with lace thread on the white walls and the powerful Golden Gate. Tourists with guidebooks in their hands walk in circles around it, looking at the wild animals on the walls of the cathedral: Sirin, Alkonost, amazing Griffins with bent tails, as well as saints, flowers and herbs. These miracles are a background of Vladimir everyday life, just like the smoking chimney of the chemical plant.

One of the local wedding traditions combines ancient history and modernity in a special way: the newly-weds drink champagne and smash the glasses right in the deep arch of the Golden Gate.

In 1108 Vladimir Monomakh built a powerful fortress protected by the steep banks of the Klyazma River from the south and by the Lybid River from the north. Deep ravines were dug in the east and in the west. The fortress was named after its founder - Vladimir. His son Yuri Dolgoruky founded Moscow, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Kideksha, Dmitrov, Yuryev-Polsky. Andrei Bogolyubskiy moved the capital of the North-Eastern Russia to Vladimir. During the Mongol invasion Vladimir region was ruined. Vladimir has been the capital of the ancient Russian state for more than 250 years. Until 1432 princes had been crowned to the great reign in the Vladimir Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Legends
 

When the Prince Andrei realized that the struggle for the throne of Kiev would not bring any results, he left the South Russian Vyshgorod given to him by his father and went to Rostov. Andrei took the icon of the Holy Virgin that was later called Vladimirskaya. The Prince’s horses stopped near the village of Bogolyubovo, and Andrei saw the Mother of God who appeared and said that the place was chosen by her. Then the Prince moved his residence here. Vladimir became the new capital.

The miraculous icon that has become revered as one of the greatest shrines of Russia was placed in the cathedral of the city, and, according to legend, it has repeatedly saved the Orthodox people from various troubles and misfortunes. The opening of the Golden Gate was scheduled for the day of celebration of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. However, the gate wings were not completely fixed, so they fell and pressed twelve people. Then Prince Andrei prayed ardently to the Mother of God, begging her to rescue the victims of Vladimir. And a miracle happened. When the gates were lifted, it turned out that all of the people remained alive and unharmed.

In 1108 Vladimir Monomakh built a powerful fortress protected by the steep banks of the Klyazma River from the south and by the Lybid River from the north. Deep ravines were dug in the east and in the west. The fortress was named after its founder - Vladimir. His son Yuri Dolgoruky founded Moscow, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Kideksha, Dmitrov, Yuryev-Polsky. Andrei Bogolyubskiy moved the capital of the North-Eastern Russia to Vladimir. During the Mongol invasion Vladimir region was ruined. Vladimir has been the capital of the ancient Russian state for more than 250 years. Until 1432 princes had been crowned to the great reign in the Vladimir Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

 

 

 

Sources: http://strana.ru 


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Vladimir     

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