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Kalach On Don
January 10, 2016 10:57


There are two cities called Kalach on the map of Russia: in the Voronezh region and on the Don, and even biographies of these cities are similar. Both have existed since the beginning of the XVIII century, both these cities are situated in a bend of the river. Both of them had experienced cruel wars of the XX century.

Both cities are associated with the Don basin, although the official prefix "the Don" has the only one that stands directly on the River Don on the left bank of the Tsimlyansk reservoir. Amazing landscape, steppe with beamed ravines, gateways and monumental structures of Volga-Don canal, excellent fishing – just even for the sake of this the city is worth to be visited.

The coast panorama with the Arc of Triumph of last thirteen gateways in the front of the Don, Lombardy poplars and tall multi-figure monument "Connecting fronts" is a rare form of beauty, which also can be considered as the gateway to the history of Kalach.

The city received the title of City of Military Glory recently, in 2010, and more than deservedly: in Kalach the ring of Soviet troops defending Stalingrad closed in November 1942. It is a combination of the Second South-Western and Stalingrad fronts. (However, the exact location of the connection is now gone under water of the Karpovskiy reservoir.) At that time Kalach was not a city. It was a settlement, which grew out of the old Cossack farm. Then, in 1708 it became a village and received a city status in 1951 after Volga-Don Canal being opened.

Therefore Kalach became a "port of five seas." Before being a channel it was an important trading port, which was built in the south of the oldest railway line. Unfortunately, at the present neither passenger trains or cruise ships do not go to Kalach. The closest quay is located in the village of Pyatimorsk, 5 kilometers from the city.

A big river station stays as a monument to the past in Kalach. It is a two-storey station-ghost, where the vessels do not come. The river cargo port is still operating.




Author: Anna Dorozhkina


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