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Jewish Autonomous Oblast: Birobidzhan
August 19, 2016 21:13


Could the Far East railway station Tikhonkaya imagine that it had become a hotbed of Soviet Jewish history? But in 1928 the country made a decision: there was a need for full settlement of free lands of Amur River Region by the working Jews! And Jewish Autonomous Region grew up around the Trans-Siberian with the capital Birobidzhan.

And the origin of the name is of Evenki: "Bira" means a river, "Bija" means a permanent camp. Today, the "permanent camp" of Jews remained 4%, before there was in two or three more. But there is all that is necessary for life and color: images of stars of David and the menorah on each step, the synagogue, the educational language and culture centers and Jewish society. Newspaper is published in two languages, "Birobidzhaner Shtern" ( "Birobidzhan Star").

On the front page there is praises to the city's United Russia party members: they together chipped in on the car for the children's hospital. Next there was a story about a new book by Yuri Fainzilberg "Russia's glorious sons": it is how the settlers moved in 1930 to Birobidzhan, and each was reckon on a gift: a small library and a gramophone. And for a snack there was a story about the holiday of stuffed pike. The religious community "Freud" cooks the fish of 30 meters long! The rest it is a usual Far Eastern city. There is a hill, wonderful views and lotus blooms around the city. But there are not the Chinese in Birobidzhan now.



Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan    

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