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Vytegra: Catamaran Trips
November 15, 2016 17:27


Vytegra and its surroundings attract tourists by their ancient northern architecture, pure waters of the Onega Lake and the opportunity to pass the river rapids of the Vologda region on catamarans. This land was inhabited in VIII-V centuries BC by Finno-Ugric tribes: Chud, Vesi, Lopi. Vytegra means “marsh river” in one of the Finno-Ugric languages  - the town stands on the eponymous river.

The settlement on the place of the present town was mentioned in chronicles in 1710 under the name Vyanginskaya waterway station. There was a staging post of the haul way from Rybinsk to St. Petersburg. Since 1710 the village has become known as Vyangi, which was transformed into a town of Vytegra by the Decree of Catherine II in 1773.

By the Decree of Peter I in 1710 the Scottish engineer John Perry made a survey on the watershed between the Lakes of Onega and the Beloye and came up with the project of a future canal. Peter I himself have been choosing the route of the future canal here for ten days in 1711. In 1715 a state shipyard was created here which built ships until 1847.

In 1810 the first ships sailed through the Mariinskaya water system. In XX century the Volga-Baltic Canal was laid there. Since then Vytegra has become a port of five seas. During the Patriotic War of 1812, 22 ships brought all jewelry and valuables from the Hermitage and the Cabinet of His Majesty to Vytegra. The central part of Vytegra has kept its historical appearance until today, especially in the area of the Market Square. In 30-s of XX century Vytegra was one of the places of detention and exile.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina


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