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Ostashkov's Legends And History
December 11, 2016 14:40


The progenitor of Ostashkov was Klichen, a borderline town on the outskirts of Moscow principality – it was first mentioned in the message of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Algirdas to the Patriarch Philotheus in 1371.

Twenty years later Klichen was captured and ruined by dashing residents of Novgorod, after which the surviving inhabitants moved to the “mainland” and founded a new town.

According to the mentioned legend, there was only one survivor, and his name was Eustaphius-Ostashko. However, as far as Ostashkov was still on the border with Lithuania, at the end of XVI century it was strengthened - a fortress wall was built. Nevertheless, over the next hundred years Ostashkov was captured and besieged back several times, and in 1651 they built a new powerful fortress.

In 1676 the fortress and the entire town suffered from a great fire, and then stone building started. The official status of the town of Ostashkov was received during the reign of Catherine II, in 1770. At that time locals were not only skilled fishermen, but also tanners. The word “ostash” has come to mean leather boots made in Ostashkov.

Tannery has remained virtually the only production of the town until present day. In 1784 Ostashkov was built anew by the new general plan of Ivan Starov. The plan followed the old pattern of the town streets and was recognized as a model for the county-level towns of Russia.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina


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