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Urals: Kamensk
January 15, 2017 23:17


It is visible by the naked eye that the place where the Kamenka River flows into Iset is rich in iron ore: distinctive red streaks can be seen everywhere on the nearby rocks.

At the end of XVII century the Abbot of the Dolmatovsky Monastery decided to take advantage of this feature of the local geology and requested this land from the treasury. The monastery owned Kamensky ores not for a long time: after Peter I was defeated at Narva, he needed iron for new guns, and the land on the banks of Iset and Kamenka returned to the treasury. In 1701 Kamensky State Iron-casting Plant melted first Urals cast iron. Kamensky plant has existed for 225 years, until the middle of 1920-s.

The reason for the closure was the outdated equipment. However, the industrial history of these places only began. Instead of Kamensky Iron-casting plant, Sinara Pipe and Urals Aluminum plants opened in the village.

The village itself, no longer associated with a single plant, changed its name to the more succinct one - Kamensk. In 1935 Kamensk became a town; in 1940 it received its current name - Kamensk-Uralsky. Today it is one of the most comfortable towns in the Urals. We cannot say that it is astonishingly rich, but it is amazingly clean, there are practically no signs of poverty (even Moscow cannot boast of this), and even people here are far less gloomy than in other cities of the Urals.

However, due to the powerful industry, the town is environmentally unsafe: the atmosphere is polluted with emissions of sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, etc.; the Iset River is so polluted that it has become unfit for swimming, high content of heavy metals was revealed in the soil. In order to relax in the green, it is better to look for other places, but spectacular cliffs and thick groves can be found (or rather, suddenly stumbled upon) right within the town premises.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Urals     

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