Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa

Elbrus: "Shelter 11" Station
April 25, 2017 16:49


One can reach the “Shelter 11” station (“The Shelter of Eleven”, 4100 m on the South-eastern slope of the Elbrus Mountain) only by foot or by a snow groomer. There are no cableways here anymore. It is one of the last stops for the conquerors of the Elbrus Mountain, a landmark with a large and interesting history.

The height was called “Shelter Eleven” in 1909 when the expedition of the Chairman of the Caucasus Mountain Society Rudolf Leitsinger  stopped here for a night — there were eleven of them (Leitsinger, “ the grandfather of the Russian mountaineering”, paved the trail from the Glade of Azau to the Eastern and Western peaks of the Elbrus Mountain).

A wooden “Shelter 11” Hotel, the highest one in Russia, was built at this place in 1932. A solid three-story building resembling an airship was built here by the project of N.M. Popov in six years: a stone foundation and the first floor with a kitchen, a storehouse and a bath, another two insulated wooden floors for mountaineers, scientists, instructors and lifeguards. The hotel had a “pinwheel” - secure Kremlin telephone connection.

A meteorological station was built nearby. In 1942 the “Shelter” was conquered by the special squad of Germans: the battles for the control over Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe, were fierce. The building, however, survived, and after the war enthusiasts created a museum on its third floor.

The “Shelter” had stood here for 60 years, and by the end of this period it was virtually abandoned:  people were not so interested in Elbrus in 1990s. However, the hotel had been used by mountain climbers until 1998 when wooden floors burned to the ground. The old “Shelter” was never restored. Nevertheless, the legendary place today enjoys great popularity due to more frequent ascensions.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Elbrus     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Trans-Siberian Railway: Barabinsk Glazov - the Northern Capital of Udmurtia Abaza: Local Peculiarities Alapaevsk - the Oldest Factory Town of the Urals Ecotourism in Russia: Oka Biosphere Reserve in the Ryazan Region

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Alexei Ivanov  Stanislavsky International Festival  Book Tickets for Concerts  Pyotr Kotov  card payment systems  Lesozavodsk  St. Petersburg Museums  St. Petersburg  fairy tale ring  Faberge  Glonass-M Satellite  Shira Lake  Russian Museums   Environment Protection  Moscow planetarium  Art Deco Museum  Russian Metro  Russian science  travel to Russia  The Romanovs  train tickets Russia FIFA  Russian business  sputnik  physics  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  VTB  Moscow  Far East  Festivals of St. Petersburg  Russian writers  Russian International  Yaya  Russian scientists  LGBT in Russia  Sokolniki Park  Satellites  Cancer  Maria Sharapova  Sport Films  Samara  Sergey Filin  Folk Arts  Russian economy  Exhibitions in Moscow  Uzdunrobita  Russian Cinema  Best European Cruise Destination  Kamchatka  Beringia  Russian tourism 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites