Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa

History Of Smolensk
May 13, 2017 17:26


Smolensk was originally built on the lands of the Krivichs. The city was first mentioned in the year 863. Even then the city was strongly fortified, however the numerous and well-protected population could not resist the Prince Prophetic Oleg, and in 882 Smolensk was annexed to Kievan Rus.

The time of prosperity of the Smolensk Principality fell to the 12th century. And in 1222 the Prince Mstislav captured Polotsk and put the eldest son of Mstislav Romanovich of Kiev — Svyatoslav - to reign there. After the battle of the Kalka River in 1223 Smolensk grew weak and was forced to seek assistance from neighbors to protect itself against Lithuania. Besides, the Price Svyatoslav Mstislavich reigning in Polotsk added some more trouble to Smolensk: in 1232 he captured the city and killed many inhabitants. Still, during the Tatar-Mongol Invasion Smolensk survived, though the eastern areas of the Principality were damaged.

At the end of the 14th century Smolensk fell under the rule of Lithuania; and in 1404 Vytautas finally annexed it to Lithuania.

Only in 1514 Smolensk and a bit later some parts of the Smolensk land shifted to Moscow for a brief period of time. Then the land of Smolensk became a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Smolensk wars of the years 1632-1634 returned Smolensk to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Russia regained the city only in 1654 as a result of the Russo-Polish war. Smolensk Governorate was formed in 1708. In 1944 Smolensk Oblast acquired modern boundaries.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina


Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

The Baikal Tourism Cluster Zyuratkul History Of Azov Introduction To Kabardino-Balkaria Voznesenka Village History

comments powered by Disqus

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
Russian breweries   Landscape Painters  Meteorites  Moscow  Igor Sechin  minors  International space station  Russian tourism  Dolls  Russia-Libya  Mammoths  Birch Bark  Russian business  Wooden Architecture  Sergey Goryaev  Russian Rock  Family Life  accommodation in Russia  Pushkin Museum  Archeology  Sokolniki  Natasha Poly  Astrakhan  Altai Krai   Nikolai Batalov  cats  Altay State Memorial Museum of Herman Titov   Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Exhibitions in Moscow  Fabio Capello  Skomorokhi  Alisher Usmanov  Dune Efa  migrant workers  Arctic  Russia international  Leo Tolstoy  Russian history  Moscow Theatres  Elections  Artists  Russian Cinema  EU sanctions  Painting  Yuri Gagarin  St. Petersburg  Russian Literature  Sevsk  Saint Petersburg  Russian society 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites