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June 28, 2017 20:12


Gvardeysk, just like Kaliningrad, is often called by its prewar German name - Tapiau. It was founded by the Prussians. At the end of XIII century the Teutonic Order built a wooden fortress here, and a stone castle was erected in the middle of XIV century. The Castle stored the archive of the Order from XV to XVIII century.

Tapiau became a town under the reign of the King Fredrick William I, and the castle was rebuilt and became a hospital for the poor. By the way, the Castle hospital survived until our days; the truth is that you will be able to admire this beautiful building only from afar - it has served as a prison since XIX century. But there are a lot of things to admire in Gvardeysk, in addition to the Castle.

The Commandant’s Office building – a former Centre of Compassion and Patronage - is the landmark of the city; the Lutheran Church at the central square now hosts an orthodox cathedral; the town hall was built in 1922. There are also simple houses — during the Great Patriotic War our troops occupied the town quickly enough, so prewar houses remained virtually intact.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina


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