Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa

Discover Kaliningrad: the Fort of Koenigsberg
February 28, 2018 09:45


The Fort titled “King Friedrich Wilhelm III” was built in late XIX century as part of the Koenigsberg defensive ring.

The fortress of brick and concrete had a twenty-meter moat, mortars, artillery and a garrison of three hundred soldiers and covered the road to Pillau. The neighboring fortifications of the defensive ring were located at a distance of three kilometers from each other, and the space between them offered a clear view of the surroundings.

The 43rd Soviet Army attacking Koenigsberg fired at the fort from the especially powerful weapons during three days, but the three-meter walls almost did not suffer from the hail of fire. The assault began only after the sappers crossed the moat under the cover of night and blew up the caponier of the fort. The battle lasted all the night from April 7 to April 8. The German garrison capitulated on the next morning. Fifteen Soviet soldiers were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for the siege and capture of the Fort No. 5.

In 1979 the fort became a subsidiary of the Kaliningrad Regional Museum of History and Arts.

In 2001 the fort became a basis for the Kaliningrad Non-state Museum of Fortifications and Military Equipment. Nowadays a part of the defensive structure is open for visits; themed expositions are open in barracks and canteens. There are exhibition of weapons and a memorial in honor of those who died on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War outside the fort, in the open-air.

Fort No. 5 is a powerful defensive structure surrounded by a moat with water, a stone wall and an earthen rampart. It was built in late XIX century and passed its main test in 1945.

To be more precise, the fort could not stand the attack, but the defenders of Koenigsberg killed ten soldiers of Red Army men for each dead German at these walls: that was the price paid by the 43rd Soviet Army for the conquest of the fort “King Friedrich Wilhelm III”.

Nowadays the fort looks in an idyllic way. The water of the defensive moat covered by light ripples reflects the peaceful blue sky; brick posterns and protective shelters (caponiers) are guarded only by a bored cashier.

We can only imagine how soldiers broke through the wall under the hail of fire. But on the Victory Day the territory in front the fortifications is given to the military re-enactors, and the war returns: it is a performance with pyrotechnic explosions, without blood and destruction. The peaceful museum exposition seems to disappear, and the military fortress comes to life.

Read more about Kaliningrad...



Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Kaliningrad Kaliningrad Region    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

10 Things You Must Know Before Going to Russia Explore the Oldest Pomorye Settlement - Chernaya Rechka (The Black Small River) The Tourist Menu of Smolensk Oblast Primorye: Bolshoy Kamen Russian Winter: Skating in Yekaterinburg

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Sochi taxi  Darwin Museum  tax  Russian tourism  Flights to Moscow  Novaya Gazeta  Russian musicians  Buryatia  Stay Home Online Events  Alexander Kalyagin  Natalia Vodianova  Filipp Malyavin  cosmic rays   Russian business  sanctions  Khokhloma Painting  Russian science  St. Petersburg  Monuments  North Caucasus  Russian Cinema  Naive Art  Sergei Eisenstein  Nina Genke-Meller  Exhibitions in Moscow  Kamchatka  Pussy Riot case  Vitas  Rostov Oblast  Sochi  Celebrated Steppe  Nikolay Karachev  Rome  coronavirus  Russian Actresses  Moscow  Spacecrafts  Russian economy  Russia Today  Parliament in Action  Sokolniki  Yaroslavl Region  Raven Russia  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Gazprom  Architecture  Russian actors  Cinema  Russian scientists  Russian souvenirs 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites