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Discover Kaliningrad: History of the Friedland Gate
March 26, 2018 15:32


The Friedland Gate built in 1862; it was the last link in the defensive ring of Koenigsberg. They covered the road to Friedland, the modern Pravdinsk.

Casemates, ramparts, loopholes and embrasures, a lifting bridge: the gate was thoroughly strengthened. These miracles of fortification were hopelessly outdated already by the beginning of XX century. The military transferred the structure to the city and started to build a new system of forts. Soon the ring of old fortifications turned out to be too small for Koenigsberg. The city authorities began to disassemble the fortifications and fill in the moats with earth.

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The new road to Friedland went along the modern Dzerzhinskogo Street, away from the Friedland Gate that became the main entrance of the “Yuzhny” park. After the war the Friedland Gate was used as a vegetable warehouse. The situation changed in the 1980-s, when numerous ponds in the “Yuzhny” park were cleaned. During these works many old things were lifted from the bottom of these ponds, which became the basis for the museum’s collection.

Then the director of the “Yuzhny” park Aleksandr Novik became the founder, visionary and the first guide of the “Friedland Gate” museum. The “Friedland Gate” was based on his enthusiasm, until it received the official status of the municipal museum of local history in 2002.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina


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