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Russky Sever (Russian North) National Park
October 20, 2018 10:49


(Source: http://komanda-k.ru/taxonomy/term/1209/0?page=1)

“Russky Sever” (“Russian North”) National Park located in the north of the Russian Plain has become one of the first national parks that have been established on the territory of the Russian Federation in a completely official way.

A distinctive feature of this protected area is that it was possible to gather the most complete collection of plants and trees on a relatively small area in this region of the Russian Plain, accommodate a huge number of mammals, fish and birds, many of which have long been listed as endangered species not only in the Russian Federation, but also around the world.

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Flora and fauna

"Russian North" is home to many animals and rare plants, including endangered. Park staff maintain a permanent record of the rarest representatives of flora and fauna. Among the animals listed in the local or national Red Book are underground vole and forest lemming from the rodent family; 3 types of bats; more than 30 species of birds; scaly lizard and beaver; and dozens of different insect species.



The local flora is also very diverse, dozens of types of flowers and shrubs make the area original and amazing. However, some of the plants here are poisonous and there are many vipers in the park, with poison  dangerous to humans.

Historical and architectural monuments

The number of historical and architectural monuments in the “Russky Sever” National Park is impressive indeed. First of all, the most significant monuments are several monasteries built during the 14th–15th centuries.

The oldest architectural monument is the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery that has been preserved by the prayers of its monks from the year 1397 until our days.



However, the most culturally valuable monument is the Ferapontov Monastery founded in late 14th century.

The case is that the monastery is the only architectural ensemble with preserved original wall paintings of one of the best artists of the Middle Ages - Dionysius.

Thanks largely to this unique feature, at the turn of the millennia the Ferapontov Monastery became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site, and the “Russky Sever” National Park received another significant thing to be proud of.



In addition, the National Park has another important place of attraction: Nilo-Sorskaya Hermitage is located on its territory. This is the very place where Nilus once founded his Spartan hermitage and where he condemned his contemporaries holding high positions in church and accused them of acquisitiveness.

How to get to the  National Park "Russian North"

By car: go from Vologda to the north-west on the A-119 motorway and turn to the P5.  Travel time is 1.5 – 2 hours. The road from Petrozavodsk will be longer than 100 km.
 
By bus: the route of the bus number 741 goes from Cherepovets to the park. You can go from Vologda by bus number 710 and 729. There are also several buses from Kirillov between parts of the park. Ordering Kiwitaxi transfer online will make the trip more comfortable.
  




Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Russian national parks Ecotourism Vologda Region   

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