“Russky Sever” (“Russian North”) National Park located in the north of the Russian Plain has become one of the first national parks that have been established on the territory of the Russian Federation in a completely official way.
A distinctive feature of this protected area is that it was possible to gather the most complete collection of plants and trees on a relatively small area in this region of the Russian Plain, accommodate a huge number of mammals, fish and birds, many of which have long been listed as endangered species not only in the Russian Federation, but also around the world.
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Flora and fauna
The local flora is also very diverse, dozens of types of flowers and shrubs make the area original and amazing. However, some of the plants here are poisonous and there are many vipers in the park, with poison dangerous to humans.
Historical and architectural monuments
The number of historical and architectural monuments in the “Russky Sever” National Park is impressive indeed. First of all, the most significant monuments are several monasteries built during the 14th–15th centuries.
The oldest architectural monument is the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery that has been preserved by the prayers of its monks from the year 1397 until our days.
However, the most culturally valuable monument is the Ferapontov Monastery founded in late 14th century.
The case is that the monastery is the only architectural ensemble with preserved original wall paintings of one of the best artists of the Middle Ages - Dionysius.
Thanks largely to this unique feature, at the turn of the millennia the Ferapontov Monastery became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site, and the “Russky Sever” National Park received another significant thing to be proud of.
In addition, the National Park has another important place of attraction: Nilo-Sorskaya Hermitage is located on its territory. This is the very place where Nilus once founded his Spartan hermitage and where he condemned his contemporaries holding high positions in church and accused them of acquisitiveness.
Author: Anna Dorozhkina