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Ecotourism in Russia: Nalychevo Natural Park
February 28, 2020 14:26


(Source: https://www.tourister.ru/world/europe/russia/city/yelizovo/reserves/24436)

Nalychevo as a natural park in Kamchatka  was established in 1995 on an area of ​​about 287,000 hectares. It is located in the valley of the Nalychevo River and has many springs with mineral water of low and high temperatures, known for its healing power. Park territory is surrounded by a line of volcanoes. In the parkland there are many diverse inhabitants and plants, some of which are noted in the Red Book.

Natural park Nalychevo 

Trekking in the Nalychevo Valley is the best way  to know the nature of Kamchatka, enjoy sunrises and sunsets surrounded by hills, swim in the hot springs, and see an amazing change of scenery - from the volcanic desert to flowering alpine meadows.



History

Since the beginning of December of the 1996, Nalychevo has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Nalychevo park improvement plan, presented in 1998, provided for the arrangement of its central part. The work was carried out mainly by the administrative corps and voluntary assistants. During the implementation of the plan, an environmental education center was erected, which received the name of Vladimir Semenov. 



The park was presented in mid-September of 1998. At the same time, a museum opened its doors to visitors, its expositions introduce nature and local history. Today Nalychevo is a specially protected area and an interesting attraction that local residents, as well as guests from Russian regions and representatives of other states, can visit.



Nalychevo hot springs

Local mineral and thermal springs are part of seven groups. Their location is the   basin of the river called Pravaya Nalycheva,   about six dozen kilometers from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Among the hot springs, where the water temperature is in the range of 14 - 75 degrees Celsius, the Nalychevo springs, which are also called Goryachechensk and Zheltorechensk, Talov, Local Lore, Dzedzur, Shaybny and Shumsky, are especially popular. Their total productivity is 200 l / s. Well-known springs with cold water are Aagsky, Koryaksky and Chistinsky narzans. Water here is researched by scientists, with the assistance of specialists from the Research Institute of Balneology and Physiotherapy of Tomsk. A large accumulation of biologically active constituents gives this liquid special healing qualities. A similar composition was no longer found anywhere on Russian territory. Staying in these hot springs has a beneficial effect on the condition of the heart and blood vessels, muscles and bones, and the nervous system (central and peripheral). They treat skin diseases, pathology of the digestive system, liver, and urinary tract. They help  to improve metabolism and get rid of anemia.



Excursions in the Nalychevo Valley

Numerous travel agencies offer different ways of visiting the valley: on foot, while skiing or horseback riding, and even by helicopters (the flight from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky lasts about 30 minutes). Most excursion routes start from the village of Pinachevo, as the cordon of the natural park is located in the village. Many days of hiking in the park start here. The easiest route from Pinachevo to the central part of the park is 44 km long. The route is covered in 2 days.  Short excursions with bathing in hot springs begin in the central part of the Nalychevo park. It can be reached by helicopter from Yelizovo Airport in 20–25 minutes. Usually, this is the final point of a one-day tour to the “Valley of Geysers” of Kamchatka.  



Flora and fauna

The vegetation in the park area is represented by many species.  Certain species of the local flora are noted in the Red Book of Kamchatka. The animal world is also diverse. Among animals and birds rare species are found.  The population of bears that exceeded in 1970 a hundred animals, now reduced to several tens. The reason is the rapid increase in the flow of tourists. During spawning of salmon, bears often visit the headwaters of the Nalychevo River. The ripening berries also attract them here. When meeting people (which happens often), they usually do not behave aggressively, provided that the person behaves correctly in this case. The number of reindeer has significantly decreased already at the dawn of the 20th century, as a result of uncontrolled hunting for these animals.   There are at least 145 species of birds living in the Nalychevo park. Quite a few of them are rare and endangered. About 22 species of fish live in the channel of the Nalychev River. In addition, this is the spawning site of five species of salmon from the Pacific Ocean.  




Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Russian National Parks Russian natural reserves Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Kamchatka  

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